Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)

MORPHOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF MINJIBIR-WASE DAM, KANO STATE, NIGERIA

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MORPHOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF MINJIBIR-WASE DAM, KANO STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

MORPHOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF MINJIBIR-WASE DAM, KANO STATE, NIGERIA

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Magaji I.J., Sufiyan I., Dahiru M.K., Bello I.E.

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.02.2022.58.64

The Minjibir-Wase dam was constructed along the drainage system from the Jakara stream and linked with Dambattan flow that channelled through the lowland of the Minjibir via the main tributaries which drained into Hadeja. The idea of the dam was initiated during the Abdu-Bako era for sustainable irrigation Agriculture. More than twenty thousand people are benefiting from the dam. To harness the water resources, a private tourist centre was established along the coastal region of the dam where different recreational facilities were put in place to attract foreign investment and for leisure. The method used is the application of Hydrological software ArcSWAT and ArcGIS to map and evaluate the area morphometric characteristics of the basin parameters examined includes the slope gradient, sub-basin length, width, density, flow accumulation and direction and depth of the Basin.
Pages 58-64
Year 2022
Issue 2
Volume 6

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ARTISTIC ACOUSTIC PANEL RECYCLED MATERIAL FROM PLASTIC BOTTLES AND WASTE OF SAMPYAN, SAWDUST, HUSKS, STRAW

ABSTRACT

ARTISTIC ACOUSTIC PANEL RECYCLED MATERIAL FROM PLASTIC BOTTLES AND WASTE OF SAMPYAN, SAWDUST, HUSKS, STRAW

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: A. A. Ayu Oka Saraswati, MT, Ida Bagus Gde Primayatna, M. Erg, Ida Bagus Gede Darmayasa, M.Si, Putu Suardana, M.Si

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.02.2022.42.44

Background – The problem of waste is one of big problems arise from various sectors. Recycling and reusing can be one good solution. Balinese people who still carry out traditions including the event with various arts, one of which is a beautiful offering. This beautiful offering is in the form of sampyan from art coconut leaves which ends as waste. In the past, when Balinese were going to cook, they could use fuel from this dry coconut leaves waste. On The Holidays for ceremonies, there is a 30% increase in waste. Even though this is a ceremonial waste, a balance in the relationship with God/Hyang Widi must be maintained in accordance with the Balinese concept of Tri Hita Karana. This concept is in the form of a balanced relationship towards Hyang Widi/God, to the fellow humans and to the environment that causes happiness. Therefore, waste must be processed. Husks and straw waste from rise field in Bali amounted to 54.65 million tons of GKG, then alot of sawdust waste from wood carving and wood architecture industries. This waste is often burned even though some are used for planting media and fuel. On the other hand, the tourism community and people in Bali produce 829 tons of plastic waste per day. Currently, appreciation of buildings with “Green Architecture” is a concern for tourism and will become of destinations. Thus, it will very possible in Bali. Purpose – provide economic value added for the community, wood workers and farmers and make the world a better place. Findings –Artistic acoustic panel recycled material from plastic bottles and waste of sampyan, sawdust, husks, straw. Originality/value – Acoustic Panel Material and Artistic Acoustic Panels with Balinese Architectural Ornaments is an original. Design/methodology/approach – Recycled plastic waste with the right mixture composition is heated and printed with a hot press machine. In this study, the Transmission Loss test was carried out using an Impedance Tube. Research limitations – Measurement of transmission loss on sheet panels has limitations. Measurements should be developed into room research.
Pages 42-44
Year 2022
Issue 2
Volume 6

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CANALS TO STREETS: POSTCOLONIAL STUDIES ON THE URBAN TRANSFORMATION OF COLONIAL BATAVIA

ABSTRACT

CANALS TO STREETS: POSTCOLONIAL STUDIES ON THE URBAN TRANSFORMATION OF COLONIAL BATAVIA

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Euis Puspita Dewi, Siti Sujatini, Fitri Suryani, ST. Trikariastoto, Ari Wijaya

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.01.2022.25.30

Jakarta, Indonesia’s capital city, is constantly improving its infrastructure. Besides being filled with buildings, Jakarta is now very colorful with roads and various modes of transportation. The highway is a city facility that serves as the development’s orientation. Whereas in its history, Batavia, as the forerunner of Jakarta, was once a canal city. Canals were an important part of city life in the 17th century, functioning as a source of transportation, pleasure, defense, and water supply, among other things. The Batavia canal city, on the other hand, is no longer visible. Jakarta is today a congested city with clogged roads. The purpose of this study is to describe Batavia’s transformation during the colonial period and identify the factors that influenced it. A historical-postcolonial approach was employed in conjunction with the descriptive qualitative method. Data was acquired through critical discourse analysis by tracking historical data from archives in the form of maps, images, artwork, and textual sources. According to the conclusions of this study, Batavia evolved from a canal city to a street city. The transformation was due to the failure of the colonial rulers in managing the canal system and the euphoria of the new invention of transportation technology. The discovery of material technology and transportation modes has changed the lives of the Batavian people which in fact created an asymmetrical power in their society. This exploring the transformation become the knowledge and consideration to promote the sustainability of the city of Jakarta.
Pages 25-30
Year 2022
Issue 1
Volume 6

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TEXTURE AND CEMENT STABILIZATION OF DREDGED SAND USED FOR OGBIA – NEMBE ROAD, BAYELSA STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

TEXTURE AND CEMENT STABILIZATION OF DREDGED SAND USED FOR OGBIA – NEMBE ROAD, BAYELSA STATE, NIGERIA

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Ukwoma, I.P, Akpokodje, E.G., Nwankwoala, H.O

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.01.2022.06.13

This paper is aimed at determining the texture, compaction, and cement stabilization properties of the dredged sand used in the Ogbia-Nembe road construction in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Both field and laboratory studies were undertaken. Results from the laboratory tests revealed the various properties as follows: moisture content (41.3 – 58.2%), Liquid limit (45.5 – 50.5%), Plastic limit (26.2 – 33.7%), Plasticity Index (16.8 – 20.6%), Cu (2,15 – 3.16), Optimum moisture content (OMC) and Maximum dry densities (MDD) for the dredged sands are (9.2 – 9.4) and (1600 – 1620kN/m3 respectively. The OMC, MDD and California bearing ratio (CBR) of the sand-cement mixture are 10.2 – 12.6%, 1830 – 1880kN/m3, 177 -313% and 1140 -2905kN/m2 respectively. The dredged sands are classified as A-3 according to the AASHO classification system. However, the average MDD of the dredged sand is 1620kN/m3 which is below the Federal Ministry of Works (FMW) specification for pavement construction, therefore the need for stabilization. Stabilization of the sand with 6% – 10% cement increased the MDD, CBR, UCS to 1880kN/m3, 313% and 2905kN/m2, respectively. The results of this study revealed that the minimum percentage of cement required to stabilize the dredged sand used for the construction of the road is 6%. Also, particle size of cohesionless soil affects the density and sand-cement stabilization is more economical than paying for additional maintenance cost if the pavement fails. This study also revealed that increasing the percentage of cement of a sample does make the soil brittle as well as increases the strength of the material/soil.
Pages 06-13
Year 2022
Issue 1
Volume 6

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EFFECT OF DRYING TEMPERATURE ON THE ENGINEERING PROPERTIES OF STABILISED AND NATURAL SOILS FOR ROAD CONSTRUCTION

ABSTRACT

EFFECT OF DRYING TEMPERATURE ON THE ENGINEERING PROPERTIES OF STABILISED AND NATURAL SOILS FOR ROAD CONSTRUCTION

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Temitayo Olamide Ale

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.01.2022.01.05

The aim of this investigation is to determine the effect of drying temperature on the geotechnical properties of natural soils and stabilised soils. Soil samples were taken along Supare Akoko- Emure Ekiti road from three locations at the depth of 1m each. Soil sample for location 1 soil was taken from a stable section while soil samples from locations 2 & 3 were taken from the failed portions of the road. The following laboratory analysis were conducted on the soil samples; atterberg limit test, grain size analysis, Linear shrinkage, Specific gravity, Compaction test and California Bearing Ratio test (CBR). The results show that sampled soil from location 1 has better engineering properties than soil samples from Loc. 2 and 3. This is an indication that the soils of locations 2 & 3 contributed to the failing of the failed part. These three soil samples were further tested by adding 6% (of the total weight of the sampled soils) of Saw dust ash (SDA) and Fine Palm kernel shells (FPKSA) to the soil as stabilisers. Both the index and strength properties improved upon the addition of stabilizers with SDA proving to be a better stabiliser. Under varying temperature of pretest drying with stabilisers (SDA and FKPSA) and without stabiliser; the same engineering properties were considered. The results show that temperature plays a major role to better the properties of the soil.
Pages 01-05
Year 2022
Issue 1
Volume 6

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DETERMINATION OF LITHOLOGICAL INFLUENCE ON HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY AND TRANSMISSIVITY USING VES DATA IN PARTS OF RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

DETERMINATION OF LITHOLOGICAL INFLUENCE ON HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY AND TRANSMISSIVITY USING VES DATA IN PARTS OF RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Ovua D. Hope, Tamunobereton-ari I., Horsfall I. Opiriyabo, Chukwu C. Ben

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.02.2021.65.74

Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) was used to determine lithological influence on hydraulic conductivity and transmissivity in parts of Rivers State, Nigeria. A total of 10 Vertical Electrical Sounding were conducted at ten locations. The VES data were collected using ABEM terrameter SAS 300B and processed using Win-Resist Software and Microsoft Excel Sheet. The influence of the lithology on the Hydraulic conductivity and transmissivity were analyzed based on the Hydraulic Parameters derived from Dar–Zarrouck parameters. Result from the Vertical Electrical Sounding revealed a four to six geo-electric layers. The aquifer resistivity ranges from 39.40Ωm to 17290.7Ωm. Results of the Hydraulic conductivity shows range of 0.005 to 2.538cm/s with the highest value dominating in the cetral part of the study area suggesting large grain sands that can permeate groundwater flow while the transmissivity ranges from 0.22587cm/s2 to 132.487 cm/s2 with average of 19.1587cm/s2. Area with high transmissivity is identified with high groundwater potential permeable with groundwater flow is seen in the central part of the study area with range of 110 to 135 cm/s2 indicating a thick aquifer sand. Result from the nearby borehole in correlation with the VES point showed an agreement with the VES data at Ogale and Eagle Island location. The result of the study can be applied in ground water resources management, hydrological studies and provides valuable information for town planner.
Pages 65-74
Year 2021
Issue 2
Volume 5

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ENGINEERING PROPERTIES AND STRENGTH EVALUATION OF SUBSOIL IN EDE NORTH, SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA: ITS COMPETENCE FOR FOUNDATION PURPOSES

ABSTRACT

ENGINEERING PROPERTIES AND STRENGTH EVALUATION OF SUBSOIL IN EDE NORTH, SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA: ITS COMPETENCE FOR FOUNDATION PURPOSES

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Adekunle Moses Adekeye, Olabode Olabanji Olofinyo, Temitayo Olamide Ale

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.02.2021.58.64

This research is aimed at examining the strength properties of subsoil at Ede North, Southwestern Nigeria so as to determine its competence as foundation material. A total of 45 soil samples: 30 disturbed samples and 15 undisturbed samples were taken for different tests and analysis. These samples were subjected to laboratory tests of grain size analysis, atterberg limits for the disturbed samples while density, triaxial compression test, permeability, unconfined compression test and odometer consolidation test for the undisturbed samples. The liquid limit of the soil samples at Pit A, Pit B, Pit C, Pit D and Pit E range from 34.57% to 46.20%, 42.43%-48.02%, 40.20%-50.14%, 35.21%-46.04% and 43.04%-47.62% respectively. The plasticity indexes of the soil samples at all pit points range from 16.90%-22.70%. The specific gravity of the subsoil ranges from 2.55 to 2.65. This shows that these sampled soils are either sand or silty sand. The coarse contents of the sampled soil ranges from 33.7% to 61.2% while the fine contents ranges from 38.8% to 66.3%. Samples in pit A fall within the A-7-6 and A-6, samples in pit B and E falls within A-7-6, samples in pit C falls within A-7-6 and A-7-5 while most samples in pit D falls within A-7-6 and A-6. This implies that the soil samples are rated between fair to poor sub-grade materials. They general fall under clayey soils. The coefficient of permeability for the soils ranged from 6.45 × 10-8cm to 1.4 × 10-9cm which classified them as practically impermeable soils. Again, the values of the shear strength parameters are; the angle of internal friction ranged from 11.90 to 37.50, the cohesion ranges from 4.7 kPa to 84.9kPa.
Pages 58-64
Year 2021
Issue 2
Volume 5

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DESIGNING, FABRICATION AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF AGRICULTURAL COMPOSTER FOR ECONOMICAL BIOWASTE MANAGEMENT

ABSTRACT

DESIGNING, FABRICATION AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF AGRICULTURAL COMPOSTER FOR ECONOMICAL BIOWASTE MANAGEMENT

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author:Saira Shehzadi, M. Azhar Ali, M. Usman Farid, M. Kashif

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.02.2021.53.57

In the last few years, the rapid increase of human population are creating many environmental problems because of intensification of human activities. A huge amount of wastes are generated from industries including food and agriculture industries. It is essential to protect the natural resources. It can be done with best management practices of agriculture waste in future Composting is the best method to handle the food, agricultural and industrial waste. The main objective of this research is the design and fabrication of an indigenous composter to conserve the agriculture waste. Composter structure is based on two shells. One is inner shells which is having diameter of 48 inches and outer shell having diameter of 52 inches. Between these two shells heat in the form of steam is circulated to give high temperature for pasteurization of compost. Raw material is added in the inner shell. Two gears are attached with this composter structure. One is driving gear which is also small gear attached with motor. Other one is larger gear which is adjusted according to our desire RPM requirement. Larger gear further rotates the shaft present in the inner shell of composter. Gear motor is used having the power of 3355 Watt Watt. Material used for this composter was mild steel. A boiler was attached to this composter to flow the steam in outer shell of composter. Agriculture waste considered for this research corn straw waste. The analysis have been done in a composter for compost effecting parameters. The effect of three independent parameters pressure, RPM and feeding rate was analyzed on the composting time of waste. Results indicated that increase in the RPM the time of composting also increase because of oxygen cannot consumed fully at higher RPM. Whereas the increase in feeding rate decrease the time of composting because the greater number of microbial activities generated in the composting process and compost prepared in less time. In case of pressure, higher the pressure the time of composting decreases because at higher pressure the time rise quickly and thermophilic conditions occurs quickly. At RPM 12 and feeding rate 15kg in 62.89± 2.26 time compost was prepared it was the least time as compare to others. At 10 RPM and 1 bar pressure composting time notice was 65.33±2.60. In combination of feeding rate and pressure, at feeding rate 15kg and pressure 0.5 bar least time noticed 63.00± 2.35.
Pages 53-57
Year 2021
Issue 2
Volume 5

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EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL OF BANANA PEELS CO DIGESTED WITH BIOGAS SLURRY IN ANAEROBIC BIOREACTOR

ABSTRACT

EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL OF BANANA PEELS CO DIGESTED WITH BIOGAS SLURRY IN ANAEROBIC BIOREACTOR

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Atif Zahoor, Ch Arslan, Muhammad Asad Tahir, Zia Ur Rahman Farooqi, Muhammad Shoaib, Muhammad Saqlain, Muhammad Safdar, Noman Ahmad

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.02.2021.49.52

Due to increase in demand our conventional resources are insufficient to fulfill the world energy demand. Renewable techniques are extremely economical due to converting useless waste into energy. To achieve that purpose anaerobic digestion was performed on banana peels with co digested with biogas slurry. Input feedstock to anaerobic plant was banana peels which already passed through four pretreatments such as, glycerol, sodium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide and acetic acid at variable conditions. Glycerol treatment give most efficient results due to more removal of lignin up to 87%. Anaerobic digestion is completely environmental friendly with no carbon dioxide emission and due to benefits it can adopted more in future on industrial and domestic scale. 6 liter capacity tank was installed at 4 liter with 10% TS level to giving space at top for biogas production. Trails was performed at two temperature 37°C and 55°C but more biogas produced at 55 °C with retention time period of eighteen days. In slurry tank manually stirring was provided and produced gas was calculated through water displacement method. This study help to decrease city waste by installing anaerobic plants. In that way we can achieve sustainability and waste can also be controlled.
Pages 49-52
Year 2021
Issue 2
Volume 5

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TREATMENT PLANT FOR DOMESTIC EFFLUENT DISCHARGE – (HOUSING AREA)

ABSTRACT

TREATMENT PLANT FOR DOMESTIC EFFLUENT DISCHARGE – (HOUSING AREA)

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: H. Mohammed Ali, K.C. Udaiyakumar

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.02.2021.45.48

People in developing nations, like INDIA, INDONESIA, MALAYSIA, BANGLADESH, SRILANKA, AFRICA, THAILAND and Developing Countries etc., face a great deal of issues as far as sewage the executives. This is on the grounds that sanitation arrangement is horribly insufficient. A great many people don’t approach clean toilets, and a lot of fecal waste are released to the earth without satisfactory treatment. In perspective on this, an investigation was done with the point of surveying information, practices, observations, and encounters of family unit on sanitation and sewage the executives in Chennai. The aim of this project is to treat the waste water and reuse the waste water for domestic purpose such as flushing and gardening with minimum cost. The family unit overview results demonstrate that the sewage system stays immature, and there is no reasonable vision to improve the framework created in the family unit isn’t re- utilized, it is for the most part discharged outside. In the tempest water seepage framework legitimately. Sewage treatment from the treatment plants is depleted into surface water bodies, for example, waterways and the sea..
Pages 45-48
Year 2021
Issue 2
Volume 5

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