Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)

ASPEN PLUS CONCEPTUAL DESIGN OF BASIC RAW HARD WATER TREATMENT AND SOFTENING OPERATION

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ASPEN PLUS CONCEPTUAL DESIGN OF BASIC RAW HARD WATER TREATMENT AND SOFTENING OPERATION

ABSTRACT

ASPEN PLUS CONCEPTUAL DESIGN OF BASIC RAW HARD WATER TREATMENT AND SOFTENING OPERATION

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Abdulhalim Musa Abubakar, Musa Askira Abubakar, Moses NyoTonglo Arowo, Peter Simon, Luqman Buba Umdagas, Tahiru Saka, Siddiq Nasar, Bukar Ibrahim Askira, Saroj Raj Kafle

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.02.2023.141.153

Hard water can cause scaling concerns in pipes, turbines, boilers, and heat exchangers used in mining, oil and gas, and industrial applications. It also interferes with nearly every housekeeping chore, from laundry and dishwashing to bathing and personal hygiene. ENRTL-SR and PITZER property models in Aspen Plus V8.8 were chosen during the modelling and simulation of soft water production from a hypothesized hard water stream containing sand. Findings show that, under normal conditions, about 3 m3 of soft pure water can be generated from approximately 40 m3 of raw water using right unit configuration and treatment solvent proportion. Drawbacks which would have address several limitations faced during the simulation, as concluded, can be solved using suggested alternative software tools. Water treatment scientist should try to simulate the same process using Aspen Plus utilizing real data from an existing water treatment facility to correctly test for effectiveness of the software tool. Modification of several existing water treatment plants across the globe to soften water produced is recommended, given its suitability for both domestic and industrial use.
Pages 141-153
Year 2023
Issue 2
Volume 7

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EVALUATION OF CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS ON PROJECT SITES IN FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY, F.C.T, ABUJA

ABSTRACT

EVALUATION OF CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS ON PROJECT SITES IN FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY, F.C.T, ABUJA

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Micheal, F., Mahmoud, A., Ishaya, K.S , Kpalo, S.Y

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.01.2023.94.98

Assessment of building construction material on building sites is a function that critically contributes to the achievement of the project goals. Poor construction materials in construction projects sites has many issues which contribute to it such as: wastage of construction materials, and improper handling on site. This work aims to consider the evaluation of construction materials on project sites. Questionnaires from field survey, interview and site observation were the source of data collected. Descriptive statistics including frequency and mean index score method was used for the study. The study reveals that most problems such as conditions of weather, management of excess materials as well as low response from company to site were identified with mean value above the average mean of 3.32. The study also indicated that most wastage, such as: change in design, improper scheduling of work plan, and lack of supervision in usage of materials observed with mean value above the average mean of 3.37. From the results of the study, it was concluded that, most activities on management of construction materials which are challenging that has to do with wastage in building construction project sites and management of construction material, were identified in the study area. Thus, the study recommends that the consultants, contractors, clients and other professionals that work in the building construction industry should upgrade their commitment toward staff training as well as developing the necessary skills needed in the industry.
Pages 94-98
Year 2023
Issue 1
Volume 7

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SAFETY, QUALITY CONTROL, AND SUSTAINABILITY IN CONSTRUCTION: EXPLORING THE NEXUS – A REVIEW

ABSTRACT

SAFETY, QUALITY CONTROL, AND SUSTAINABILITY IN CONSTRUCTION: EXPLORING THE NEXUS – A REVIEW

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Joy Otibhor Olurin, Joachim Osheyor Gidiagba, Vincent Ebhohime Ehiaguina, Tina Chinyere Ndiwe, Gabriel Gbenga Ojo, Oluwaseun Ayo Ogunjobi

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.01.2023.72.93

This comprehensive review elucidates the intertwined relationship between safety, quality control, and sustainability within the construction sector, highlighting the critical need for integrating these elements to promote optimal project outcomes and long-term industry advancement. The study commences with an in-depth exploration of existing literature, focusing on diverse methodologies, strategies, and frameworks employed to enhance safety and enforce stringent quality control, thus contributing to the overall sustainability of construction projects. Safety is identified as a paramount concern in construction, significantly influencing both quality and sustainability. The lack of safety not only jeopardizes human lives but also results in cost overruns and project delays, undermining the overall quality and sustainability. Quality control, herein, is discussed in relation to its pivotal role in minimizing errors and rework, ensuring adherence to standards, and facilitating the attainment of sustainability goals through resource efficiency and waste reduction. Sustainability in construction is dissected through its three foundational pillars: economic viability, social equity, and environmental integrity. This review details how the integration of safety and quality control significantly impacts these pillars, highlighting the synergy between construction practices, resource optimization, stakeholder well-being, and ecological preservation. Empirical studies, theoretical frameworks, and case studies form the basis of this review, providing a multifaceted understanding of the interdependence between safety, quality control, and sustainability in construction. The assessment reveals that the construction industry is progressively acknowledging the inherent connection between these components, with contemporary practices and policies increasingly reflecting an integrated approach. The article concludes by underscoring the imperative for continuous research and development, innovations, and policy interventions to strengthen the nexus between safety, quality control, and sustainability in construction. It also advocates for a holistic approach that unifies these elements to drive industry resilience, promote sustainable development, and ensure the well-being and prosperity of communities and the environment.
Pages 72-93
Year 2023
Issue 1
Volume 7

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ENHANCING PORE PRESSURE PREDICTION IN OIL WELL DRILLING: A COMPREHENSIVE STUDY OF WELL PLANNING AND COST-EFFECTIVE MODELING IN THE NIGER DELTA REGION

ABSTRACT

ENHANCING PORE PRESSURE PREDICTION IN OIL WELL DRILLING: A COMPREHENSIVE STUDY OF WELL PLANNING AND COST-EFFECTIVE MODELING IN THE NIGER DELTA REGION

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Kelechi Anthony Ofonagoro, Olawe Alaba Tula, Joachim Osheyor Gidiagba, Tina Chinwe Ndiwe

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.02.2023.130.140

Accurate pore pressure prediction is pivotal in drilling operations, impacting safety, well design, and cost-effectiveness. This research paper aims to assess various pore pressure prediction methods, particularly in transition zones. It introduces a novel descriptive model for quick and reliable pore pressure estimation when essential data parameters are unavailable. The study underscores the importance of selecting appropriate prediction methods based on geological conditions. The research findings reveal that Eaton’s correlation utilizing transit compressive wave velocity offers superior pore pressure prediction when drilling through transition zones. Additionally, the developed descriptive model is a valuable tool for quick look pore pressure estimation, ensuring operational efficiency when data parameters for traditional methods like Eaton’s are lacking. However, a critical caveat emerges as the model’s suitability for pore pressure prediction in fractured or shaled-out reservoirs is questioned, necessitating caution in its application in such geological settings. This paper recommends the continued use of Eaton’s method as a reliable pore pressure prediction tool and advocates for the adoption of the proposed descriptive model in scenarios where time constraints or data limitations are prevalent. By amalgamating these approaches, drilling operations can achieve enhanced accuracy and efficiency in pore pressure assessment, ultimately contributing to safer and more cost-effective well-drilling processes.
Pages 130-140
Year 2023
Issue 2
Volume 7

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MAJOR CORPORATIONS AND ENVIRONMENTAL ADVOCACY: EFFORTS IN REDUCING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT IN OIL EXPLORATION

ABSTRACT

MAJOR CORPORATIONS AND ENVIRONMENTAL ADVOCACY: EFFORTS IN REDUCING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT IN OIL EXPLORATION

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Adeyinka Alex Banso, Kelechi Anthony Ofonagoro, Joy Otibhor Olurin, Sodrudeen Abolore Ayodeji, Vincent Ebhohime Ehiaguina, Tina Chinyere Ndiwe,
Chibuike Daraojimba

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.01.2023.49.59

This comprehensive study embarked on a critical journey to scrutinize and evaluate the effectiveness of corporate environmental initiatives implemented in recent years, particularly focusing on the oil sector. Utilizing a meticulous literature review strategy, the research analyzed various case studies and scholarly contributions to delineate the current state of environmental advocacy in the corporate sector and identify potential avenues for future research. The methodology encompassed a systematic data extraction and analysis approach, ensuring relevant and reliable data assimilation. The findings underscored a significant shift in the corporate sector towards fostering environmental sustainability through various initiatives spanning different industries. Environmental advocacy has emerged as a potent force urging the industry to adopt more sustainable and ethical practices, particularly in the oil sector. The study revealed a growing awareness and commitment to fostering a sustainable and environmentally responsible corporate sector, characterized by green innovation, sustainable practices, and corporate social responsibility. Based on the analysis, the study recommends developing and implementing robust regulatory frameworks to mandate adherence to sustainable practices, promoting green innovation, and fostering collaborative efforts among various stakeholders. These strategies are envisaged to propel the corporate sector as a significant player in global environmental conservation efforts. Looking ahead, the study identifies a promising trajectory for environmental advocacy, characterized by collaborative efforts, regulatory frameworks, and green innovation, setting a pathway towards a sustainable and environmentally responsible corporate sector..
Pages 49-59
Year 2023
Issue 1
Volume 7

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THE EVOLUTION OF OILFIELD TESTING: INTEGRATING SUSTAINABILITY INTO OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT

ABSTRACT

THE EVOLUTION OF OILFIELD TESTING: INTEGRATING SUSTAINABILITY INTO OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Kelechi Anthony Ofonagoro, Joachim Osheyor Gidiagba, Adeyinka Alex Banso, Blessed Afeyokalo Egbokhaebho, Olawe Alaba Tula, Sodrudeen Abolore Ayodeji, Chibuike Daraojimba

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.02.2023.109.119

The evolution of oilfield testing has been marked by significant technological advancements, reshaping the landscape of the energy sector. This review delves into the transformative journey, emphasizing the criticality of integrating sustainable practices and technologies. Historically, the industry relied heavily on conventional methods, often associated with substantial environmental repercussions. However, the contemporary era, characterized by a global push for sustainability, has witnessed a shift. Advanced sensors, real-time analytics, and state-of-the-art software have revolutionized oilfield testing, enhancing efficiency while minimizing ecological footprints. As the narrative unfolds, it underscores the sector’s challenges, from technical and economic barriers to intricate social dynamics like workforce adaptation and stakeholder expectations. Yet, amidst these challenges lie opportunities. Collaborative efforts with environmental agencies, robust investments in research and development, and a focus on workforce training emerge as pivotal strategies. The review culminates with a forward-looking perspective, highlighting the potential benefits of sustainable practices on the environment, economy, and society, and issues a clarion call for unwavering commitment to innovation and sustainable methodologies in the oil and gas domain.
Pages 109-119
Year 2023
Issue 2
Volume 7

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EFFECTS OF VEGETATION AND PCM IN REDUCING URBAN HEAT ISLAND

ABSTRACT

EFFECTS OF VEGETATION AND PCM IN REDUCING URBAN HEAT ISLAND

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Shahajada Mahmudul Hasan, Sadia Hossain, Sumaiya Binty Yousuf

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.02.2023.101.108

Globally, fast-tracked urbanization has led to diversified environmental challenges since the time of the industrial revolution. Among the challenges faced, Urban Heat Island (UHI) is caused by the replacement of natural materials with man-made ones such as concrete, asphalt, and increased anthropogenic heat production, among other factors. This study is on understanding the reasons behind UHI, its effects, and finding out proper strategies for mitigation in the context of Bangladesh. Among many ways, proper interior and exterior vegetation, sufficient wind flow, and appropriate building materials are chosen to be the proper methods to reduce UHI effects in Bangladesh. CFD analysis has been carried out to understand the effect of vegetation, wind flow, and different material to mitigate UHI. An estimation of the effect of temperature reduction in energy efficiency is also done. It is observed that a significant amount of energy can be saved by reducing the cooling load if these suggestions are followed. The study shows that the temperature is decreased up to 3°C with the increasing vegetation on exterior walls and rooftop. By using Wood Plastic Composite (WPC) on the rooftop as a phase change material, temperature is decreased around 4°C. By using all conditions (rooftop, sidewall, interior vegetation & PCM on rooftop) together temperature could be mitigated around 5°C.
Pages 101-108
Year 2023
Issue 2
Volume 7

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INNOVATIVE SURFACE PROTECTION IN OIL AND GAS FACILITIES: A REVIEW

ABSTRACT

INNOVATIVE SURFACE PROTECTION IN OIL AND GAS FACILITIES: A REVIEW

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Blessed Afeyokalo Egbokhaebho, Bolaji Ismail Olalere, Joachim Osheyor Gidiagba, Jonathan Izuchukwu Okparaeke, Akeeb Adepoju Fawole, Nwakamma
Ninduwezuor-Ehiobu

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.02.2023.92.100

This research paper reviews innovative surface protection technologies in the context of oil and gas facilities. The oil and gas industry faces numerous challenges in maintaining the integrity and longevity of its infrastructure, making surface protection a critical aspect of facility management. Traditional methods have limitations in addressing harsh operating conditions and environmental concerns. This paper explores emerging technologies that offer promising solutions to these challenges. Through an in-depth analysis of various innovative surface protection approaches, including their principles, advantages, and real-world case studies, this study highlights the potential benefits and challenges associated with their implementation. Additionally, the paper compares these cutting-edge technologies with traditional methods, considering performance, cost-effectiveness, and environmental impact. It also examines the regulatory and environmental considerations in adopting these new solutions.
Pages 92-100
Year 2023
Issue 2
Volume 7

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OPTIMIZATION OF EAST FLOOD CANAL BOUNDARY AS URBAN PUBLIC GREEN OPEN SPACE (CASE STUDY: BANJIR KANAL TIMUR, EAST JAKARTA)

ABSTRACT

OPTIMIZATION OF EAST FLOOD CANAL BOUNDARY AS URBAN PUBLIC GREEN OPEN SPACE (CASE STUDY: BANJIR KANAL TIMUR, EAST JAKARTA)

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: S Wardiningsih, S.I. Wahyudi . Henny Adi, P.T. Putra

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.01.2023.38.43

East Flood Canal is a canal built to handle flooding in the city of Jakarta. In addition to the canal flow as the main element, there are also borders on the left and right of the canal as supporting elements of the Banjir Kanal Timur. The border area of the Banjir Kanal Timur has the potential to be used as a green open space or public open space that helps increase the functional, ecological and aesthetic value of the city. The objective of this study is to provide input to optimize the Banjir Kanal Timur border as a public open space while still prioritizing the hydrological and ecological functions
This research uses rationalistic and descriptive methods. Data was obtained through observation, interviews and theoretical data, established regulations. The research location was divided into several zones to facilitate analysis.
From the results of this study it was found that the boundaries of Banjir kanal Timur can be utilized as a shared public green open space. The existing condition of its land use is still not optimal, does not have adequate facilities and infrastructure as a public area with recreational activities.
Limitations of the study – From the results of this study it was found that the boundaries of the Banjir Kanal Timur can be mandated as a team or togetherness of public green spaces.
The definition of a community is a social group that shares an environment with each other. This research uses community theory in developing public green open spaces on the banks of the Banjir Kanal Timur through the concept of inclusive landscape design.
Pages 38-43
Year 2023
Issue 1
Volume 7

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DESIGN AND PRODUCTION OF LEAD RUBBER BEARINGS FOR EARTHQUAKE ABSORBERS

ABSTRACT

DESIGN AND PRODUCTION OF LEAD RUBBER BEARINGS FOR EARTHQUAKE ABSORBERS

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Gambiro, Hari Nugraha Nurjaman, Dwi Dinariana, Martinus Nifotuho Fau, Suwito, Prijasambada, Henni, Siti Sujatini

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.01.2023.26.37

Lead Rubber Bearing (LRB) is a passive type of base isolation that can be used as a damper for earthquake vibrations on bridges and buildings. The components that make up the LRB are several layers of rubber laminated to steel plates to increase vertical rigidity. LRB is also reinforced with lead cores to dissipate earthquake energy that enters the bridge structure or buildings. This paper will explain the design and production of LRB and test the results of the analysis. In this design, the properties of the materials used in the LRB are explained, the function of each material, the relationship between the design and the need to absorb earthquake loads on bridge structures or buildings. It also explains the determination of elastomeric thickness and number of layers, size of insulator, elastomer thickness and number of layers, number of rubber layers, total height, vertical and horizontal stability checks. The production method is very important to get a quality LRB product. Production starts from material selection, vulcanization process and quality control. The research was carried out successfully by studying the literature and technical analysis by carrying out several simulations with various dimensions to get better performance. Several developments were made to get better LRB performance. The damping of structures without base isolation is generally +/- 5%. For the need for good performance against earthquake loads, the attenuation can be increased to 20–30%. This is very useful for reducing earthquake loads, when a decrease in building acceleration cannot be obtained in tall buildings with base isolation. Likewise with the dimensions of the lead core. This research is still limited to theoretical analysis and prototyping, because no experiments have been carried out in the laboratory or applied to a construction project
Pages 26-37
Year 2023
Issue 1
Volume 7

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