Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)

FIGS (FICUS CARICA L.): CULTIVATION METHOD AND PRODUCTION BASED IN MALAYSIA

FIGS (FICUS CARICA L.): CULTIVATION METHOD AND PRODUCTION BASED IN MALAYSIA

ABSTRACT

FIGS (FICUS CARICA L.): CULTIVATION METHOD AND PRODUCTION BASED IN MALAYSIA

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Kamaruddin Shamin-Shazwan, Rozilawati Shahari, Che Nurul Aini Che Amri and Nur Shuhada Mohd Tajuddin
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.02.2019.06.08

Ficus (Moraceae) is a tree or shrub natively originated from East Asia countries such as Middle East and Turkey. However, determination of the most suitable cultivation method in Malaysia has becoming one of the major concerns in figs industry. This is because figs can be easily found in cold and temperate regions compared to the equator regions. Therefore, this paper will discuss on the method of figs cultivation and its production based on the market demands in Malaysia. Simple propagation methods such as cutting, and layering are the most recommended method used for cultivating the fig trees. As for the production, figs are mainly processed as food such as jam, tea, dipping sauce, spaghetti sauce and dried processed food or available fresh. It is also used in traditional medicine as it is claimed to be good remedies in treating severe health problem such reducing blood sugar level and gastrointestinal problem.
Pages 06-08
Year 2019
Issue 2
Volume 3

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Posted by Nurul

MODELLING OF DEPOSITION AND EROSION PROCESSES ALONG A 180° OPEN CANAL BEND BY NAYS2DH IN iRIC

ABSTRACT

MODELLING OF DEPOSITION AND EROSION PROCESSES ALONG A 180° OPEN CANAL BEND BY NAYS2DH IN iRIC

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Amany A. Habib and Mohamed A. Nassar
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.02.2019.01.05

This paper presents experiments and computer simulation for the erosion and deposition processes along a 180° open canal bend. The computer simulation is conducted by Nays2DH model in iRIC software. The models are conducted with the curvature’s radius ratio (Ø/L) varies within 3.0 to 8.5. Experiments produced that the erosion and deposition actions decrease as Ø/L increases. The minimal erosion and deposition are detected at (Ø/L =8.5). The optimum place of a bridge circular support along the bend is defined. The results of Nays2DH Model are compared with tests. RSQ for the modelled statuses is 88.329% and the correlation factor between simulations and the gauged depths is 93.98%. 20
Pages 01-05
Year 2019
Issue 2
Volume 3

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Posted by NJK

RE-ENGINEERING IN CONFINEMENT METHOD

ABSTRACT

RE-ENGINEERING IN CONFINEMENT METHOD

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Shahreen Kasim, Rohayanti Hassan, Zalmiyah Zakaria
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.01.2019.18.19

Food delivery system is very popular nowadays. This system is very useful specifically for women that go through their confinement alone. Food for women in confinement is very important to their health. Not only for the women, but also for their babies. Women could choose the package they like thus reducing the hassle to prepare the confinement menu. In this paper, we present the information technology in health especially in confinement. With this system, the woman could focus on her baby and health without the stress to prepare food.
Pages 18-19
Year 2019
Issue 1
Volume 3

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Posted by din

PARAMETRIC ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN BASED ON OPTIMIZATION ALGORITHM

ABSTRACT

PARAMETRIC ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN BASED ON OPTIMIZATION ALGORITHM

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Zhao Liang, Wang Wenshun
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.01.2019.13.17

As a widely applied method in many fields, parametric design is now finally exerting influences on architectural industry with the rapid development of Internet technology. For this reason, parametric architectural design is studied in this research based on optimization method. First, parametric design and optimization algorithm are introduced; then, the process of modeling and optimization procedures is discussed; at last, the parametric optimization design is applied to solve the complex architectural design problems. Parametric method will thoroughly affect architectural industry. Therefore, architectural designs should be based on optimization algorithm using parametric design to improve the progress and quality of architectural design.
Pages 13-17
Year 2019
Issue 1
Volume 3

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Posted by din

NONLINEAR CONTROL STRATEGIES AND PLANNING FOR UNDERACTUATED OVERHEAD CRANES

ABSTRACT

NONLINEAR CONTROL STRATEGIES AND PLANNING FOR UNDERACTUATED OVERHEAD CRANES

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Wang Tianlei
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.01.2019.09.12

Underactuated overhead cranes play an important role in engineering and construction, which also make nonlinear control strategies and planning on this basis become the current focus of academic research. Based on scholarly research findings, this paper carries out a theoretical study on nonlinear control strategies and planning for underactuated overhead cranes. To begin with, the underactuated system, underactuated overhead cranes and its nonlinear control are elucidated. Afterwards, the stabilization methods for front actuators are analyzed, and finally two nonlinear control methods are explored in the hope of providing some references for research in related fields.
Pages 09-12
Year 2019
Issue 1
Volume 3

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Posted by din

RE-CYCLE OF E-WASTE IN CONCRETE BY PARTIAL REPLACEMENT OF COARSE AGGREGATE

ABSTRACT

RE-CYCLE OF E-WASTE IN CONCRETE BY PARTIAL REPLACEMENT OF COARSE AGGREGATE

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Kuldeep Rajput, Abhishek Gupta, Arushi
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.01.2019.05.08

A solution for reducing the amount of generated electronic waste in India has become one of a major issue. Globally this problem has taken major part of total solid waste amount. Rectifying this waste is still questionable because we cannot burn it easily, landfill is also harmful for this waste and dumping into sea with affect aquatic life. So it is a matter of finding a best solution for it so that we can use this waste in different work. This research is about reducing the generated E-waste from environment by adding it into M25 Concrete and hence testing for workability and compressive strength. This study helps in optimizing the generated amount of E-waste and its scope in construction industry. This experimental research adds 0, 4, 8, 12, 16, and 20 % of E-waste by weight in M25 concrete and hence tests it for workability and compressive strength.
Pages 05-08
Year 2019
Issue 1
Volume 3

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Posted by Nurul

A STUDY ON USE OF RICE HUSK ASH IN CONCRETE

ABSTRACT

A STUDY ON USE OF RICE HUSK ASH IN CONCRETE

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Ankit Gautam, Rahul Batra, Nishant Singh
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.01.2019.01.04

The rice husk is an agricultural waste which is obtained from milling process of paddy and approximately 22% of the weight of paddy is rice husk. The waste is used as fuel in producing stream in parboiling process. The 25 % the weight of husk is converted into ash which is known as rice husk ash (RHA) and is again a waste which is disposed. This ash consists of amorphous silica which can be used as pozzolana in making concrete and cement instead of disposing it without compromising on the properties of cement or concrete if replaced in specific proportion with other constituents of cement or concrete. In this study the ordinary Portland cement is replaced in different proportion with RHA to obtain concrete with comparable and satisfactory strength and properties to that of normal concrete. The proportions of replacement chosen are at 2.5% interval starting from 5 % to 15 % and the casted concrete were tested under compression at different ages and results obtained are compared with normal concrete of same grade and it is co ncluded that the results are comparable.
Pages 01-04
Year 2019
Issue 1
Volume 3

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Posted by Nurul

RESEARCH ON BRAND CONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS IN GUIZHOU

ABSTRACT

RESEARCH ON BRAND CONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS IN GUIZHOU

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Dayong Xu
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.02.2018.19.24

Brand in the current market cannot be ignored in agricultural trade competitiveness. Agricultural brand building for solving agricultural products “difficult to sell, low price,” the problem, increase the incomes of agricultural industry practitioners, and promoting regional economic development and improving people’s livelihood, help Guizhou Province operators in the agricultural and agro-agricultural market access to the entire community recognition. First of all, this paper reviews the theory of agricultural product brand building, analyzes the significance and Countermeasures of building agricultural product brand, and the specialty, diversity and externality of the brand of agricultural products. Second, the current situation of Guizhou Province agricultural product brand construction and development and problems that the current Guizhou Province agricultural product brand construction mainly has the brand building is not perfect, there is a brand of agricultural products uneven distribution, small scale and low brand value. Third, this paper analyzes the reasons for the lack of agricultural product brand construction and development in Guizhou Province, and points out that the quality of agricultural products is not high, and the brand protection mechanism is imperfect, etc., which delays or even hinders the process of brand building. Finally, this paper puts forward some suggestions for the construction of Guizhou Province agricultural products brand, brand construction of agricultural products according to the model constructed by the combination of Guizhou Province, the development of Industry Association, the role of government policy, play, product quality, and image promotion of regional agricultural products brand building and development in the “colorful Guizhou” tourism etc
Pages 19-24
Year 2018
Issue 2
Volume 2

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Posted by Nurul

CAVITY DETECTION UNDER RE-ENFORCED CONCRETE FLOOR USING GROUND PENETRATION RADAR

ABSTRACT

CAVITY DETECTION UNDER RE-ENFORCED CONCRETE FLOOR USING GROUND PENETRATION RADAR

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Etimita Osuwake Omini, Olory Magnus Akpang
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.02.2018.11.18

Voids underlying engineering re-enforced ground floor could be hazardous and may hinder proposed project objectives, if not adequately detected. Ground penetration radar is non-penetrative and non-destructive technique that is used successfully in this study to identify these cavities. The short radar pulses from antenna sources within microwave band of radio spectrum adequately images the subsurface to appreciable depth of interest (<1m) below re-enforce concrete floor. This technique is recommended for void detection in engineering work in very sensitive areas like gas areas like gas flow station because of its safe operation.
Pages 11-18
Year 2018
Issue 2
Volume 2

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Posted by Nurul

EVALUATION OF TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION IN HUBEI PROVINCE

ABSTRACT

EVALUATION OF TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION IN HUBEI PROVINCE

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)

Author: Song Tao

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.02.2018.09.10

Innovation is the soul of a nation’s progress and the inexhaustible motive force of a country’s prosperity. This paper analyzes the status of technological innovation in Hubei province by constructing the evaluation index system of technological innovation and combining factor analysis. The result shows that the technological innovation of Hubei Province has improved significantly in recent years, but there is a gap between Hubei Province and economically developed provinces such as Guangdong, Jiangsu. The marketization of innovation achievements of Hubei Province is still in a relatively weak position. Therefore, the government should formulate and implement relevant policies to promote the introduction of technological innovation achievements and accelerate the transformation of technological innovation achievements.
Pages 09-10
Year 2018
Issue 2
Volume 2

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Posted by Nurul