Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)

GREEN DRILLING STRATEGIES: THE RISE OF TECHNICAL EXPERTISE AND ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP

GREEN DRILLING STRATEGIES: THE RISE OF TECHNICAL EXPERTISE AND ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP

ABSTRACT

GREEN DRILLING STRATEGIES: THE RISE OF TECHNICAL EXPERTISE AND ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Joy Otibhor Olurin, Kelechi Anthony Ofonagoro, Joachim Osheyor Gidiagba, Adeyinka Alex Banso, Olawe Alaba Tula, Sodrudeen Abo lore Ayodeji

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.02.2023.191.199

In recent years, the oil sector has witnessed a paradigm shift towards environmental stewardship, with green drilling strategies emerging at the forefront. This paper seeks to delineate the rise of technical expertise and the adoption of environmentally friendly drilling strategies in the oil sector. The study is grounded on a comprehensive literature survey that explores the theoretical foundations of green drilling and environmental stewardship, coupled with an analysis of practical implementations and case studies. The methodology adopted in this research encompasses a meticulous literature search strategy, involving the selection of pertinent databases, formulation of keywords, and determination of search criteria. This approach facilitated the identification of inclusive and exclusive criteria for green drilling literature, paving the way for a robust data extraction and synthesis process. The study aims to evaluate the environmental impact of green drilling strategies, identify and analyze the existing challenges and opportunities, and delineate the scope of future trends and developments in this domain. Findings from the study reveal that green drilling strategies, underpinned by advanced technical expertise, have significantly mitigated the environmental footprint of oil extraction activities. These strategies have fostered a new era of environmental stewardship, characterized by reduced greenhouse gas emissions, minimized waste generation, and the conservation of natural habitats. Moreover, the study unveils a promising future outlook, where continuous innovations in green drilling technologies are anticipated to further enhance environmental sustainability. In conclusion, the paper offers strategic recommendations for the oil sector to foster the adoption of green drilling strategies. It advocates for collaborative efforts among stakeholders, investment in research and development, and the formulation of policies that promote environmental conservation. The study posits that integrating green drilling strategies is vital for environmental preservation and instrumental in sustaining the oil sector’s viability in the long run.
Pages 191-199
Year 2023
Issue 2
Volume 7

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ASPEN PLUS CONCEPTUAL DESIGN OF BASIC RAW HARD WATER TREATMENT AND SOFTENING OPERATION

ABSTRACT

ASPEN PLUS CONCEPTUAL DESIGN OF BASIC RAW HARD WATER TREATMENT AND SOFTENING OPERATION

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Abdulhalim Musa Abubakar, Musa Askira Abubakar, Moses NyoTonglo Arowo, Peter Simon, Luqman Buba Umdagas, Tahiru Saka, Siddiq Nasar, Bukar Ibrahim Askira, Saroj Raj Kafle

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.02.2023.178.190

Hard water can cause scaling concerns in pipes, turbines, boilers, and heat exchangers used in mining, oil and gas, and industrial applications. It also interferes with nearly every housekeeping chore, from laundry and dishwashing to bathing and personal hygiene. ENRTL-SR and PITZER property models in Aspen Plus V8.8 were chosen during the modelling and simulation of soft water production from a hypothesized hard water stream containing sand. Findings show that, under normal conditions, about 3 m3 of soft pure water can be generated from approximately 40 m3 of raw water using right unit configuration and treatment solvent proportion. Drawbacks which would have address several limitations faced during the simulation, as concluded, can be solved using suggested alternative software tools. Water treatment scientist should try to simulate the same process using Aspen Plus utilizing real data from an existing water treatment facility to correctly test for effectiveness of the software tool. Modification of several existing water treatment plants across the globe to soften water produced is recommended, given its suitability for both domestic and industrial use.
Pages 178-190
Year 2023
Issue 2
Volume 7

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EVALUATION OF CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS ON PROJECT SITES IN FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY, F.C.T, ABUJA

ABSTRACT

EVALUATION OF CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS ON PROJECT SITES IN FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY, F.C.T, ABUJA

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Micheal, F., Mahmoud, A., Ishaya, K.S , Kpalo, S.Y

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.01.2023.94.98

Assessment of building construction material on building sites is a function that critically contributes to the achievement of the project goals. Poor construction materials in construction projects sites has many issues which contribute to it such as: wastage of construction materials, and improper handling on site. This work aims to consider the evaluation of construction materials on project sites. Questionnaires from field survey, interview and site observation were the source of data collected. Descriptive statistics including frequency and mean index score method was used for the study. The study reveals that most problems such as conditions of weather, management of excess materials as well as low response from company to site were identified with mean value above the average mean of 3.32. The study also indicated that most wastage, such as: change in design, improper scheduling of work plan, and lack of supervision in usage of materials observed with mean value above the average mean of 3.37. From the results of the study, it was concluded that, most activities on management of construction materials which are challenging that has to do with wastage in building construction project sites and management of construction material, were identified in the study area. Thus, the study recommends that the consultants, contractors, clients and other professionals that work in the building construction industry should upgrade their commitment toward staff training as well as developing the necessary skills needed in the industry.
Pages 94-98
Year 2023
Issue 1
Volume 7

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SAFETY, QUALITY CONTROL, AND SUSTAINABILITY IN CONSTRUCTION: EXPLORING THE NEXUS – A REVIEW

ABSTRACT

SAFETY, QUALITY CONTROL, AND SUSTAINABILITY IN CONSTRUCTION: EXPLORING THE NEXUS – A REVIEW

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Joy Otibhor Olurin, Joachim Osheyor Gidiagba, Vincent Ebhohime Ehiaguina, Tina Chinyere Ndiwe, Gabriel Gbenga Ojo, Oluwaseun Ayo Ogunjobi

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.01.2023.72.93

This comprehensive review elucidates the intertwined relationship between safety, quality control, and sustainability within the construction sector, highlighting the critical need for integrating these elements to promote optimal project outcomes and long-term industry advancement. The study commences with an in-depth exploration of existing literature, focusing on diverse methodologies, strategies, and frameworks employed to enhance safety and enforce stringent quality control, thus contributing to the overall sustainability of construction projects. Safety is identified as a paramount concern in construction, significantly influencing both quality and sustainability. The lack of safety not only jeopardizes human lives but also results in cost overruns and project delays, undermining the overall quality and sustainability. Quality control, herein, is discussed in relation to its pivotal role in minimizing errors and rework, ensuring adherence to standards, and facilitating the attainment of sustainability goals through resource efficiency and waste reduction. Sustainability in construction is dissected through its three foundational pillars: economic viability, social equity, and environmental integrity. This review details how the integration of safety and quality control significantly impacts these pillars, highlighting the synergy between construction practices, resource optimization, stakeholder well-being, and ecological preservation. Empirical studies, theoretical frameworks, and case studies form the basis of this review, providing a multifaceted understanding of the interdependence between safety, quality control, and sustainability in construction. The assessment reveals that the construction industry is progressively acknowledging the inherent connection between these components, with contemporary practices and policies increasingly reflecting an integrated approach. The article concludes by underscoring the imperative for continuous research and development, innovations, and policy interventions to strengthen the nexus between safety, quality control, and sustainability in construction. It also advocates for a holistic approach that unifies these elements to drive industry resilience, promote sustainable development, and ensure the well-being and prosperity of communities and the environment.
Pages 72-93
Year 2023
Issue 1
Volume 7

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CONCENTRATION LEVELS OF PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PROFILES AND QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF GROUNDWATER: A CASE STUDY OF SOUTHERN IJAW, BAYELSA STATE, SOUTHERN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

CONCENTRATION LEVELS OF PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PROFILES AND QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF GROUNDWATER: A CASE STUDY OF SOUTHERN IJAW, BAYELSA STATE, SOUTHERN NIGERIA

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Nwankwoala, H.O, Peterside, A.N, Hart, A.I

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.01.2023.60.71

This study examined the concentration levels of physico-chemical profiles of groundwater quality of communities in Southern Ijaw Local Government Area of Bayelsa State, Nigeria. The seasonal variation of groundwater quality were evaluated. Fifteen (15) communities within the LGA were selected and groundwater from hand-dug well (HDW-15samples) and borehole (BH-15samples) was sourced during the wet season (July) and dry season (March) and analyzed for seasonal variations. The difference in the mean of the parameters investigated during the dry and wet season revealed the difference in concentration level as influenced by the season attributes. The HDW showed a very strong correlation in wet and dry season physicochemical properties as well as no significant difference in the physicochemical properties of groundwater at both seasons. Also, the results of borehole water sample showed a very strong correlation in wet and dry season physic-chemical properties with no significant difference in the physicochemical properties of water at both seasons. There are similarities in various natural and anthropogenic activities influencing the concentrations during both wet and dry seasons. The mean values of parameters such as pH, TDS, TSS, Bicarbonate, Cl, SO34, NO2, Ca, Mg, K and P are within the permissible limit of WHO and NSDWQ during both seasons except TC.
Pages 60-71
Year 2023
Issue 1
Volume 7

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ENHANCING PORE PRESSURE PREDICTION IN OIL WELL DRILLING: A COMPREHENSIVE STUDY OF WELL PLANNING AND COST-EFFECTIVE MODELING IN THE NIGER DELTA REGION

ABSTRACT

ENHANCING PORE PRESSURE PREDICTION IN OIL WELL DRILLING: A COMPREHENSIVE STUDY OF WELL PLANNING AND COST-EFFECTIVE MODELING IN THE NIGER DELTA REGION

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Kelechi Anthony Ofonagoro, Olawe Alaba Tula, Joachim Osheyor Gidiagba, Tina Chinwe Ndiwe

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.02.2023.167.177

Accurate pore pressure prediction is pivotal in drilling operations, impacting safety, well design, and cost-effectiveness. This research paper aims to assess various pore pressure prediction methods, particularly in transition zones. It introduces a novel descriptive model for quick and reliable pore pressure estimation when essential data parameters are unavailable. The study underscores the importance of selecting appropriate prediction methods based on geological conditions. The research findings reveal that Eaton’s correlation utilizing transit compressive wave velocity offers superior pore pressure prediction when drilling through transition zones. Additionally, the developed descriptive model is a valuable tool for quick look pore pressure estimation, ensuring operational efficiency when data parameters for traditional methods like Eaton’s are lacking. However, a critical caveat emerges as the model’s suitability for pore pressure prediction in fractured or shaled-out reservoirs is questioned, necessitating caution in its application in such geological settings. This paper recommends the continued use of Eaton’s method as a reliable pore pressure prediction tool and advocates for the adoption of the proposed descriptive model in scenarios where time constraints or data limitations are prevalent. By amalgamating these approaches, drilling operations can achieve enhanced accuracy and efficiency in pore pressure assessment, ultimately contributing to safer and more cost-effective well-drilling processes.
Pages 167-177
Year 2023
Issue 2
Volume 7

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BALANCING EFFICIENCY AND RESILIENCE: A CRITICAL REVIEW OF MAINTENANCE STRATEGIES IN CONVENTIONAL AND UNCONVENTIONAL OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION

ABSTRACT

BALANCING EFFICIENCY AND RESILIENCE: A CRITICAL REVIEW OF MAINTENANCE STRATEGIES IN CONVENTIONAL AND UNCONVENTIONAL OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Joachim Osheyor Gidiagba, Joel Leonard, Oluwaseun Ayo Ogunjobi, Kelechi Anthony Ofonagoro, Chibuike Daraojimba

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.02.2023.157.166

Efficiency and resilience are critical aspects of maintenance strategies in the dynamic oil and gas industry. This paper provides a comprehensive review of maintenance approaches in conventional and unconventional production, highlighting the delicate balance required between efficient operations and the ability to withstand disruptions. Through case studies, emerging technologies, and future trends, the paper explores strategies to optimize production processes while ensuring robustness against challenges. By offering insights into integrated maintenance solutions, this review contributes to informed decision-making and the advancement of sustainable practices in oil and gas production.
Pages 157-166
Year 2023
Issue 2
Volume 7

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MAJOR CORPORATIONS AND ENVIRONMENTAL ADVOCACY: EFFORTS IN REDUCING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT IN OIL EXPLORATION

ABSTRACT

MAJOR CORPORATIONS AND ENVIRONMENTAL ADVOCACY: EFFORTS IN REDUCING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT IN OIL EXPLORATION

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Adeyinka Alex Banso, Kelechi Anthony Ofonagoro, Joy Otibhor Olurin, Sodrudeen Abolore Ayodeji, Vincent Ebhohime Ehiaguina, Tina Chinyere Ndiwe,
Chibuike Daraojimba

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.01.2023.49.59

This comprehensive study embarked on a critical journey to scrutinize and evaluate the effectiveness of corporate environmental initiatives implemented in recent years, particularly focusing on the oil sector. Utilizing a meticulous literature review strategy, the research analyzed various case studies and scholarly contributions to delineate the current state of environmental advocacy in the corporate sector and identify potential avenues for future research. The methodology encompassed a systematic data extraction and analysis approach, ensuring relevant and reliable data assimilation. The findings underscored a significant shift in the corporate sector towards fostering environmental sustainability through various initiatives spanning different industries. Environmental advocacy has emerged as a potent force urging the industry to adopt more sustainable and ethical practices, particularly in the oil sector. The study revealed a growing awareness and commitment to fostering a sustainable and environmentally responsible corporate sector, characterized by green innovation, sustainable practices, and corporate social responsibility. Based on the analysis, the study recommends developing and implementing robust regulatory frameworks to mandate adherence to sustainable practices, promoting green innovation, and fostering collaborative efforts among various stakeholders. These strategies are envisaged to propel the corporate sector as a significant player in global environmental conservation efforts. Looking ahead, the study identifies a promising trajectory for environmental advocacy, characterized by collaborative efforts, regulatory frameworks, and green innovation, setting a pathway towards a sustainable and environmentally responsible corporate sector..
Pages 49-59
Year 2023
Issue 1
Volume 7

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THE EVOLUTION OF OILFIELD TESTING: INTEGRATING SUSTAINABILITY INTO OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT

ABSTRACT

THE EVOLUTION OF OILFIELD TESTING: INTEGRATING SUSTAINABILITY INTO OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Kelechi Anthony Ofonagoro, Joachim Osheyor Gidiagba, Adeyinka Alex Banso, Blessed Afeyokalo Egbokhaebho, Olawe Alaba Tula, Sodrudeen Abolore Ayodeji, Chibuike Daraojimba

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.02.2023.146.156

The evolution of oilfield testing has been marked by significant technological advancements, reshaping the landscape of the energy sector. This review delves into the transformative journey, emphasizing the criticality of integrating sustainable practices and technologies. Historically, the industry relied heavily on conventional methods, often associated with substantial environmental repercussions. However, the contemporary era, characterized by a global push for sustainability, has witnessed a shift. Advanced sensors, real-time analytics, and state-of-the-art software have revolutionized oilfield testing, enhancing efficiency while minimizing ecological footprints. As the narrative unfolds, it underscores the sector’s challenges, from technical and economic barriers to intricate social dynamics like workforce adaptation and stakeholder expectations. Yet, amidst these challenges lie opportunities. Collaborative efforts with environmental agencies, robust investments in research and development, and a focus on workforce training emerge as pivotal strategies. The review culminates with a forward-looking perspective, highlighting the potential benefits of sustainable practices on the environment, economy, and society, and issues a clarion call for unwavering commitment to innovation and sustainable methodologies in the oil and gas domain.
Pages 146-156
Year 2023
Issue 2
Volume 7

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MANAGEMENT OF INVASIVE ALIEN WEED (PARTHENIUM HYSTEROPHORUS L) THROUGH ALLELOPATHIC AND COMPETITIVE PLANTS AND CHEMICALS IN ETHIOPIAN AGRICULTURE

ABSTRACT

MANAGEMENT OF INVASIVE ALIEN WEED (PARTHENIUM HYSTEROPHORUS L) THROUGH ALLELOPATHIC AND COMPETITIVE PLANTS AND CHEMICALS IN ETHIOPIAN AGRICULTURE

Journal: Engineering Heritage Journal (GWK)
Author: Zehara Mohammed Damtew

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/gwk.01.2023.44.48

The study conducted evaluated potential of extracts of selected plant species and chemicals on growth of P. hysterophorus. Since the impact of parthenium weed has become to the status of being an extensive economic and social problems of Ethiopian farmers. The experiment identified herbicidal potential of Aregemon mexicana leaf, stem and root extracts and 2, 4-D on seed germination and early seedling growths of parthenium at under field pot condition. Aqueous extracts of 6, 8 and 10 % (w/v), obtained from dry leaves, stem root of Aregemon mexicana plants and 0.3, 0.5 and 0.7 % of 2, 4-D herbicide. The overall germination, shoot and root growth means of A. mexicana extract and 2, 4-D, herbicidal treatments were significant (p<0.0001). Germination hinder by 2, 4-D and A. mexicana stem extracts, which inhibited the germination by (74.4 and 69.3 %) respectively from the control (82.2 %) and the lowest was A. mexicana root extract (54.8 %) in invitro. In the pot experiment the overall growth parameter means of plant extract and herbicidal treatments were significantly lower than the distilled water treated plants. A. mexicana stem resulted 100 % mortality at active growth stage of the parthenium plant, and 2, 4- D also showed best suppressed growth effects. A. mexicana leaf and root gave remarkable seed suppression of (93-94%) at 10 % concentration. Then we conclude that species like A. Mexicana and chemicals like 2, 4-D and are good candidates for future parthenium management. The Small holder farmers adopted mechanical control measures, while, it is most serious is not tackled by these farmers, integrate with other management options such as competitive plants and chemicals may appear to be satisfactory. However further research is required to progress our understanding of the interference mechanisms between parthenium and these species, on how to integrate with other management options and cost effectiveness of the methods.
Pages 44-48
Year 2023
Issue 1
Volume 7

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